His murder catapulted into a war across Europe that lasted until Thanks to new military technologies and the horrors of trench warfare, World War I saw unprecedented levels of carnage and destruction. By the time the war was over and the Allied Powers claimed victory, more than 16 million people—soldiers and civilians alike—were dead.
Tensions had been brewing throughout Europe—especially in the troubled Balkan region of southeast Europe—for years before World War I actually broke out. A number of alliances involving European powers, the Ottoman EmpireRussia and other parties had existed for years, but political instability in the Balkans particularly Bosnia, Serbia and Herzegovina threatened to destroy these agreements.
Princip and other nationalists were struggling to end Austro-Hungarian rule over Bosnia and Herzegovina. The assassination of Franz Ferdinand set off a rapidly escalating chain of events: Austria-Hungarylike many countries around the world, blamed the Serbian government for the attack and hoped to use the incident as justification for settling the question of Serbian nationalism once and for all.
Because mighty Russia supported Serbia, Austria-Hungary waited to declare war until its leaders received assurance from German leader Kaiser Wilhelm II that Germany would support their cause. The Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary then sent an ultimatum to Serbia, with such harsh terms as to make it almost impossible to accept.
Convinced that Austria-Hungary was readying for war, the Serbian government ordered the Serbian army to mobilize and appealed to Russia for assistance.
According to an aggressive military strategy known as the Schlieffen Plan named for its mastermind, German Field Marshal Alfred von SchlieffenGermany began fighting World War I on two fronts, invading France through neutral Belgium in the west and confronting Russia in the east. On August 4,German troops crossed the border into Belgium. In the first battle of World War I, the Germans assaulted the heavily fortified city of Liegeusing the most powerful weapons in their arsenal—enormous siege cannons—to capture the city by August The Germans left death and destruction in their wake as they advanced through Belgium toward France, shooting civilians and executing a Belgian priest they had accused of inciting civilian resistance.
In the First Battle of the Marnefought from September, French and British forces confronted the invading Germany army, which had by then penetrated deep into northeastern France, within 30 miles of Paris. The Allied troops checked the German advance and mounted a successful counterattack, driving the Germans back to north of the Aisne River. The defeat meant the end of German plans for a quick victory in France. Both sides dug into trenchesand the Western Front was the setting for a hellish war of attrition that would last more than three years.
Particularly long and costly battles in this campaign were fought at Verdun February-December and the Battle of the Somme July-November German and French troops suffered close to a million casualties in the Battle of Verdun alone.I have a very good map of the facility at Audruicq, but it is too large to display on this Forum. Please email me at postmaster Let me know your email address and I will gladly send a copy. For information this camp, if the information which I have is exact, was bombarded by German in June, The depot came into being in February when the site adjacent to the Nord Railway was chosen for a railway stores depot.
As well as repairing locomotives, it also repaired carriages and wagons. The site also developed into a huge logistics depot, not only for ammunition storage but also for all kinds of stores. Somewhere I have a map of the site when it was put up for sale in and some other information including a couple of photographs taken after the air raid.
I will find it and let you know. I managed to localize this camp exactly, and I know a little more on is history in particular the fact than it was bombarded on July 20th, by the German aviation. My father told me that this is an English child who died in when the British came with their families to participate in the dismantling of the military camp. It seems that these English were residing near the "canal d'audruicq" or the fact that the child either drowned. I found a photograph on glass plate, is that someone can tell me if this gun was present at the camp Audruicq?
I want to know if this cannon went through the Audruicq's military camp and know more about his history. I have some connection with audruicq via gt parents who were there need to know more, I have a trench made knife with the name on itlooks like a rifle case as handle any comments would be gladly appricated. The company were one of the main suppliers of guns to the British Army and the Royal Navy from the nineteenth century onwards, so I doubt that it will help you to identify the gun uniquely.
I have an interest in this thread as my aunt has a photograph taken of my grandfather James Oscar Evans and two others taken at Audricq during WW1. Grandfather was a Royal Engineer sapper with the Railway Operating Department, possibly due to his being a railway man in civvy life.
The Long, Long Trail
I have no further info on his activities there. Are you still the postmaster? Can I email you for a copy of that map too please? I've got copies of certs of proficiently as an Engine Driver, Fireman, and Guardsman for him at that location in Dec He was demobilised on 24th Maybut he was furloughed on 26th Apr in Prees Heath near Liverpool so was probably home sooner than his demob date.
Are you still active on here? I'm hoping to head to Audruicq in Aprilso any help you could provide would be great!!
Welcome to the forum Dan. Empisse hasn't visited the forum sinceChris is still active on the forum. After two posts you will have access to the personal messaging system, where you can contact them. I think I need to piece together what I think I know, then start a thread of my own asking for help and advice.
I've made various assumptions based on the war records I have for William Ewing, and from various book and websites. I provided a lot of information for Francoise, including a site map. If you care to send me your email I will send you some information By the way I have visited the site.Base Depots were established at the Channel Ports in France and at other places on the lines of communication. They had a variety of purposes.
The places selected for Base Depots became centres of very considerable industry with workshops, stores, barracks, camps, hospitals, etc. Most of the facilities of the Base Depots were manned and operated by the Army Service Corps sometimes working with with infantry, Labour Corps or Royal Engineers depending on the job in hand.
The bases established were:.
Railway Operating Division
Infantry Base Depots in France. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies.
It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. As a transport hub : Goods arrived in bulk by ship and were broken down into wagon-loads and sent on by rail.
For organising soldiers : General Base Depots were the centres for collecting, sorting and despatching reinforcements to units in the field see also Infantry Base Depots. For storing and organising ammunition and ordnance supplies : specialist ammunition stage depots were also established, with technical workshops of the Army Ordnance Corps.
Unshipping a locomotive at Le Havre, 23 May Imperial War Museum image Q No 3 General Base Depot for Canadian forces. Army Service Corps Base Depot. Army Ordnance Corps Base Depot. Army Veterinary Corps Base Depot. I have not been able to establish exactly when it took place it appears to be by but the RGA relocated its personnel base depot to Harfleur.
Territorial Force Base Depot. Indian Advanced Base Depot. Labour Corps Base Depot. Machine Gun Corps Base Depot. Omer Ammunition Calais Ordnance, remounts, sick and wounded.
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These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience.Baldwin II, Count of Flanders named it a city inrebuilding the castle and converting the surrounding marshland to tillable soil.
After continuously changing authority between the 13th century and the 17th century, Audruicq finally became a French town after the Peace of Nijmegen in Audruicq is twinned with: Hawkhurst in KentEngland, since From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Commune in Hauts-de-France, France.
Coat of arms. Location of Audruicq. Retrieved 6 January Communes of the Pas-de-Calais department. Beal's Green Highgate The Moor. Rootes Motors. List of people from Hawkhurst. Marlborough House St Ronan's. Hawkhurst Moor. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.
Wikimedia Commons. The town hall of Audruicq.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Audruicq. Italics denotes station in East Sussex, but included as intended to serve Hawkhurst.
World War I
This Pas-de-Calais geographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.Posted By: Chris Baker 27th July For much of the Great War it was the site of a principal British Army ammunition depot. With thanks to Viamichelin for the use of this map.
A map of the area shows no detail of the Ammunition Depot but a clue comes from the railway yard that had been constructed to the south of it. Two tents had been pitched in the Trench Munition Area for the removal of the charges from 4-inch mortar bombs and substituting in them ophorite [a different form of explosive].
This work had been arranged by GHQ with the Director of Artillery and two experts were sent over from England to supervise the work. So far as can be ascertained at present it is believed that the ignition of the ingredients was spontaneous. The fire from the tent in which the explosion first occurred communicated to the second tent and the contents of both tents were destroyed — somewhere about rounds [of mortar bombs] altogether.
Four or six men have been killed and about 40 wounded. The diary then mentioned that similar work going on at Boulogne had been stopped and that a court of enquiry was being organised.Tours of WW1: Belgian \
I searched records of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission to see if I could determine who the casualties were. The enquiry was conducted by Captains D. Lyell and I.
Simson and Lieutenant P. The witnesses who gave evidence were listed as Captain H. Hay; Pte J.
Bell; Pte J. Murphy; Cpl G. Adkins and Pte W. It was explained that potential witness from the Royal Engineers had by then left Audruicq. No evidence whatever was given to show that any neglect or blame could be attached to any of the NCOs or men killed or injured, as the only men who could give that evidence are the Special REs who have left Audruicq.
Shortly after 9am an explosion occurred in the Ordnance Depot, Audruicq. There was a laboratory operation being performed according to written instructions of Captain Trelawney who had been sent out from England for this purpose [Trelawney was at Boulogne when this happened].
Of these, Pte Cameron [Army Ordnance Corps] was given orders to stand the fire buckets in the Trench Munition Area and was thus on duty in the marquee at the time. The sentries of the [Audruicq] Ammunition Depot have orders not to allow anybody into the Depot except on duty. Cpl S. Pte J.Sent to France new inand all ret'd. CR-ROD Nos,,,, These locos worked on all sorts of humdrum duties. All returned. What follows is a transcription of those notes, listing the locomotives from British railway companies which were pressed into service overseas during the First World War with ROD the Railway Operating Department of the Royal Engineers.
There is no way to tell how accurate or complete the notes are, though they appear to be both detailed and extensive. It is certain that they were written some time between and The notes refer to an event inso cannot have been written before then.
They also refer to locos which were "now numbered between LMS ", so the notes were written before the end of when the LMS ceased to exist. No author is given and there are no clues as to where the information came from. Worked in Boulougne Port Area. In Feb sent to gun-spurs in Arras area. It is seen here back in Britain in the s as LMS For an enlargement of the photo please click on the image.
Photo by permission of Edward Talbot. These locos were engaged on all types of shunting. Add to obtain ROD Nos. These locos worked in the various large yards, eg. A hand-written set of notes was found in a second-hand book bought in the s. No's,and All sent to Salonika, but only and ret'd. Crewe Works No. LMSR No. Not returned to LNWR. All ret'd to LYR. All ret'd, and now numbered between LMS. Bldg Dte. All these locos were returned during Jan-June They were largely employed on stone trains between Marquise Quarries between Calais and Boulogne during These locos also worked on stone trains and were all returned to England.How would this affect global supply and oil prices.
How would OPEC react to the U. Next PostOilfield Services To See Spending Surge In 2017 Tsvetana is a writer for the U.
How many would be needed to be added back to increase production commensurate with OPEC cuts. How much capex would it take reactivate over 1000 rigs. Can the shale producers really increase production to an extent to obviate the OPEC cut when LESS capex is being spent. How long will it take to gets those new rigs up and running and producing. Phil Currie on December 23 2016 said: Craig Ferrell is correct.
One more thing to add to his comments. Where will all the people come from to run these rigs to bring back this oil production. Many have left the industry, some will flock back, but not all.
I do not see the rig count in the US going over 1000 for a very long time, if ever again. The pundit class never seems to be interested in talking about how accurate they have been, and that's not aimed at you personally Ms. Craig Ferrell on December 23 2016 said: Thanks Phil. Couldn't fit in previous comment field the aspect of financing. Banks review borrowing base twice a year, and cut back last fall based on lower prices.
By the time they re-evaluate in spring with higher bases and presumably more ability to spend on capex, the 1st round of OPEC cuts will already be in the books. It will take a bit longer than assumed, and thus higher oil prices.
James kaiser on December 23 2016 said: I agree with Craig and Phil. The big thing Oil Shale requires is CAPEX. You have to spend big money to make big money.